Meningitis

Etiology

  • Inflammation of layers covering brain

Symptoms

  • Photphobia
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Acute neck stiffness
  • Spectrum from acute confusion to obtundation
  • Generalized illness

Physical Exam Findings

  • F
  • Neck pain w/paracervical palpation; sometimes wont bend neck--> can raise torso off bed
  • + Kernigs (specific not sensitive)→ pain with passive knee extension when hip flexed to 90; + Brudzinski (specific not sensitive)→ hip and knee flexion occurs w/passive neck flexion
  • + jolt (sensitive not specific)→ worsening ha when patient rotates head back & forth
  • Less common to have focal neurological findings and overall less impaired compared w/encephalitis

Sub-Diseases

Other Diagnoses

Links