Hip| Septic Arthritis

Etiology

  • Direct extension from truama/surgery or spread from systemic infection

Risk Factors

  • Hip prosthesis
  • Recent injection into hip, trauma that could introduce bacteria
  • Systemic bacteremia w/OA or otherwise structurally abnl joint
  • Immunocompromised

Symptoms

  • Acute pain w/any range of motion
  • Fever and chills
  • Typically not weight bearing

Physical Exam Findings

  • Warmth and redness around affected hip
  • Swelling and/or induration
  • Pain with any movement (e.g. active or passive ROM, + log roll)