Fractures - Calcium, Vit D, Nutrition Probs


  • Low calcium intake
  • Low vitamin D levels: lack of sun, low nutritional intake, chronic kidney disease
  • Socio-economic factors affecting access to adequate/appropriate food
  • Weight loss surgery (gastric by-pass, sleeve gastrectomy, other)--> impaired absorption
  • Chronic infection leading to overall poor nutrition: HIV, TB, other
  • Idiopathic hypercalcuria
  • Other disorders leading to chronic malabsorption