Leishmaniasis (Kala Azar)


  • Spread by sand-fly bite

Risk Factors

  • Widespread throughout subtropics→ Africa, Central & South America, India, Mediterranean basin, Asia, Middle East


  • Non-healing nodule, can ulcerate
  • Can be silent, or cause fevers, sweats, chills, wt loss

Physical Exam Findings

  • Papule→ nodule→ painless raised & indurated ulcers that don't heal over weeks to mos
  • Visceral→ adnenopathy, organomegaly