Measels (rubeola)

Etiology

  • Spread thru resp droplets
  • Highly contagious

Risk Factors

  • Too young to be vaccinated (<1y), or never vaccinated
  • Winter/spring in US

Symptoms

  • Cough
  • High f
  • Malaise
  • Incubation 7-14d
  • Rash 4-5d after sx onset

Physical Exam Findings

  • Conjunctivitis
  • Runny nose
  • Pneumonia
  • Then white (Koplick's) spots on oral mucosa, then rash
  • Complications include encephalitis

Links