Measels (rubeola)

Sites

  • Eyes
  • Oral mucosa
  • Lungs
  • Brain

Etiology

  • Spread thru resp droplets
  • Highly contagious

Risk Factors

  • Too young to be vaccinated (<1y), or never vaccinated
  • Winter/spring in US

Symptoms

  • Incubation 7-14d
  • Cough, high f, malaise
  • Rash 4-5d after sx onset

Physical Exam Findings

  • High fever
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Pneumonia
  • Runny nose, then white (Koplick's) spots on oral mucosa, then rash
  • Complications include encephalitis

Links