Cryptococcus (neoformans)

Sites

  • Cns
  • Lungs
  • Skin

Etiology

  • Associated with increased ICP

Risk Factors

  • Assoc w/immunocompromised
  • CD4 < 50 or untreated HIV

Symptoms

  • CNS disease→ sub-acute headache, fever, confusion, progressing over hours to days
  • Pulmonary→ subacute cough, sob, chest pain, f

Physical Exam Findings

  • Palpilledema
  • Confusion
  • Crackles on lung exam
  • CN 6 or other CN palseys
  • Weakness, numbness or other focal neuro findings

Tests

Links