Heart Failure

Etiology

  • HFpEF: related to hypertension, obesity, copd, dm, older age, anemia, a fib
  • HFrEF: related to cad w/MI, valvular heart disease, idiopathic, tox/metabolic d/o, htn, autoimmune, tachycardia, other

Symptoms

  • Orthopnea
  • PND
  • Sob
  • Doe

Physical Exam Findings

  • + S3
  • Elevated jvp
  • Displaced pmi
  • Lower extremity edema
  • Rales on lung exam

Links