Renal Infarct

Etiology

  • Renal artery thrombosis
  • Renal vein thrombosis

Risk Factors

  • Arterrial infarct: source of emboli→ a fib, ventricular thrombus, endocarditis
  • Hypercoaguable state (eg. nephrotic syndrome, antiphospholipid antibodies), in particular for venous thrombosis (can contribute to arterial risk as well)

Symptoms

  • Renal artery thrombosis: acute back/flank pain, n, v, hematuria
  • Renal vein thrombosis: often less acute symptoms

Physical Exam Findings

  • Very uncomfortable
  • Pain on palpation