Inguinal Hernia

Risk Factors

  • Men > Women
  • Increased age
  • Right > Left
  • Processes that increase intra-abdominal pressure

Symptoms

  • Swelling in the inguinal area w/o pain or significant discomfort
  • Can increase in size over time
  • If incarcerated/strangulated, pain becomes severe w/N, V, and severe illness

Physical Exam Findings

  • Swelling in inguinal area which increases w/Valsalva or cough
  • Large hernias can enter scrotum
  • Pain and sometimes inflammatory findings over inguinal canal w/incarceration/strangulation

Links