Ventral Hernia

Your Path

  • Ventral hernia


  • Fascial defect or weakening that allows abdominal contents to protrude into an abnormal space
  • Most commonly related to past surgical incisions, umbilical fascial defect, fascial weakening w/age

Risk Factors

  • Obesity
  • Increased age
  • Past surgery (through fascial defect)


  • May be asymptomatic and notable only for obvious protrusion of abdominal contents through abdominal wall
  • Sometimes discomfort from bulging thru defect
  • Severe pain if incarceration/strangulation (relatively uncommon)
  • Nausea, vomiting, distention if causes bowel obstruction

Physical Exam Findings

  • Bulge thru scar line
  • Increases w/straining
  • Can also have midline bulge from rectus diastasis (separation at mid-line of rectus muscles)