Your Path

  • Cystitis


  • Typically gram negatives (e coli in particular) that enter bladder thru urethra
  • Can be other GNRs (including resistant organisms), enterococcus, other

Risk Factors

  • Stasis for any reason→ e.g. bph
  • Foreign bodies→ stones or catheters
  • Females→ short urethra, micro trauma from intercourse


  • Acute onset
  • Dysuria
  • Frequency
  • Urgency
  • Hematuria
  • Typically w/o fever

Physical Exam Findings

  • Sometimes supra-pubic discomfort w/palpation